The fear for a conflict or a warm episode between Greece and Turkey, emerges again especially after the recent statements of the officials of the Turkish government.
On the other hand, many Greeks talk about a superficial and maybe virtual crisis, cultivated mainly from the Turkish government.
It is not a secret that Erdogan faces many problems and challenges in many levels.
Consequently, he actually “needs” intense speech and sometimes provocative statements, which will very easily disorient the people of Turkey from the big issues that the country faces and often from their daily problems too.
At the same time, this policy of the Turkish President, functions αs α “vehicle” of unanimity and unity in the internal of the country, but also as a means of “repression” of the voices of the political opponents, because always, when national matters come up, then automatically internal disputes and differences diminish or vanish.
Moreover, the disagreement between the two countries related to the interpretation of certain articles of the Treaty of Lausanne which was signed on July 24, 1923 and is considered the “Bible” of the Greek-Turkish relationships in the region, makes things more difficult.
President Erdogan has already proposed the revision of the Treaty. But this is impossible, because it presumes that all parties should claim that and appeal to the International Court of Justice.
Greece should never participate to this procedure, because although she lost East Thraki, and the islands Imvros and Tenedos [article 12 and 16] actually considers that the treaty is basically fair and functional.
The clarifications and some details that the Turkish leadership had demanded to be regulated concerning some islands as Limnos, Samothraki, and Mitilini, were readjusted by the Convention of Montreux in Switzerland, on July 20,1936.
Αt this point here, it is worth mentioning the statement of the Minister of the External Affairs of that time, during the National Assembly of 31st July of 1936 Rustu Aras, in the presence of the prime minister Ismet Inonu: “The provisions that are mentioned concerning the islands of Limnos and Samothraki, which belong to Greece, our friend and neighbor, which were demilitarized under the provisions of the Treaty of Lausanne, are annulled by the Convention of Montreux”.
It is also true that when we have to deal with mature and wise politicians, both countries can solve almost everything.
It is also real that the delay from the side of Greece to define its EEZ [Exclusive Economic Zone] with the neighboring countries complicates the situation and leaves room for misunderstandings.
In the meantime we all hear from time to time, air violations, dangers, intense relations between the two countries, horror scenarios and many others …
Let’s travel to the recent past, to see some creative movements from both sides that Greek and Turkish leaders should rather recall and repeat.
In 30 October of 1933 it was signed the Agreement of cordially understanding between Ankara and Greece, under the condition of mutual communication and contact about international matters and the obligation to share common borders.
In 1999 the Presidents of the two countries Karolos Pappoulias and Μesut Yilmaz signed a protocol of measures of building trust, 2 months moratorium for military training in Aegean Sea, also during touristic period, and cooperation regarding peaceful missions and natural disasters.
The absolute undisputable fact is that a war or a warm episode, maybe with dead young men from both sides, is not for the interest of any country.
In Greece, they don’t even want to think about this possibility.
Almost everybody considers that a conflict is vain, useless, dangerous and harmful for both countries financially and geopolitically, as well. And this is the truth.
Of course, if Greeks will be threatened they will put in force the article 51 of the Organization of the United Nations that gives the right to any country to respond dynamically, if its national sovereignty is threatened.
At least in Greece, nobody wants to reach to this ultimate point.
On the other hand, Turkey, instead of behaving with rush and ego, should thoroughly re-examine the conventions of international law and try through creative dialogue with Greece to rule all the disagreements that might have.
There are many ways to find solutions. The leaders of the two countries don’t even discuss.
This has to change .The children of these two countries deserve a peaceful and decent future. For sure they don’t deserve death and debris.